Basics of Skating

The sport of figure skating has four main elements.  These elements are put together in a program, set to music, and used at competitions or performances.

  1. Moves - Edges, turns, and connecting moves on the ice. Quality moves have control, grace, deep edges, and are executed on the correct edge.

  2. Spins - These basic spin positions, once mastered, are then put in combination.   Skaters also learn variations of the basic positions.  Quality spins have speed,  no traveling, three or more revolutions, difficult entry, added variations and center quickly.
    ‚Äč--Upright (left foot)
    --Back (right foot)
    --Sit spin
    --Camel
    --Layback

  3. Jumps -During levels Pre-Free Skate to Free Skate 6, skaters learn their single jumps. They will also learn to put single jumps in combination.   Quality jumps  have  full rotation, height,  correct edge, speed, air position,  quality of landing,  no wrapping, difficult entry.
    --Waltz (beginning jump)
    --Salchow
    --Toe Loop
    --Loop
    --Flip
    --Lutz
    --Axel

  4. Choreography - Quality choreography has facial expression, graceful arms, smooth transitions between elements, moments to connect with judges or audience, good timing with music, portrayal of a theme, emotion, or idea.


Resources: Skating Dictionary